Alex, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory, Oklahoma

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Early maps of the town of Alex

Early Sanborn Fire Insurance maps have become an invaluable research source for American historians. In 2014, Shirley Bray provided these Sanborn maps of Alex, sent to her by the US Library of Congress. For the first time, we are able to see Alex as it was actually was in 1916 and 1930!

Sanborn 1916
In 1916 Alex had a population of 300 people. Click the image to display a map of the town of Alex that year.

Sanborn 1930

Click here to display a PDF of page 1 of the 1930 Sanborn Fire Insurance map of Alex in 1930.
Click here to display a PDF of page 2 of this map.

Early maps of the Alex area

1866

1866
This enlargement of an 1866 map of the northeastern part of the Chickasaw Nation is not accurate or to scale and the location and track of the primary landmark, the Washita River, is not correctly depicted. The approximate location of Alex is shown by the red box. We know the Wichita Indian Village was located just southeast of Rush Springs, 15 to 20 miles southwest of Alex. The Smith-Paul settlement shown on the map would later become Pauls Valley, located around 35 miles east-southeast of Alex.

Click to view this map at the Library of Congress website.

1872

1872

This map is also not to scale but for the first time, the major landmarks delineating the Alex area are identified: Soldier Creek to the northeast, the Washita River to the north and Roaring Creek (known in earlier times as Hell Roaring Creek) to the southeast. Few settlements or towns were included on this map and the approximate location of Alex is shown by the red box. The large version of this map shows the track of the Chisholm Trail through the area.

Click to view this map at the Library of Congress website.

1887

1887

Compiled from United States General Land Office records, this is the earliest known map of Indian Territory that actually shows Alex (denoted by a red box). Marlow is also shown, spelled "Marrow," as is Fred (a stage stop near Ninnekah) Erin Springs. Bradley and Lindsay are not included on this map.

Click here to view this map at the Library of Congress website.

1894 map of Indian and Oklahoma territories, compiled from official records of the United States General Land Office and other sources, published by Rand McNally Corporation.

1894

This is the earliest known map of Indian Territory that actually shows Alex (denoted by a red box). Chickasha, Fred, Ninnekah (spelled incorrectly) and Rush Springs. Bradley and Lindsay are not included on the map but Erin Springs (south of Lindsay) is there.

Click to view this map at the Library of Congress website.

1900

1900

Click here to view this map at the Library of Congress website.