Early Sanborn Fire Insurance maps have become an invaluable research source for American historians. In 2014, Shirley Bray provided these Sanborn maps of Alex, sent to her by the US Library of Congress. For the first time, we are able to see Alex as it was actually was in 1916 and 1930!
This enlargement of an 1866 map of the northeastern part of the Chickasaw Nation is not accurate or to scale and the location and track of the primary landmark, the Washita River, is not correctly depicted. The approximate location of Alex is shown by the red box. We know the Wichita Indian Village was located just southeast of Rush Springs, 15 to 20 miles southwest of Alex. The Smith-Paul settlement shown on the map would later become Pauls Valley, located around 35 miles east-southeast of Alex.
This map is also not to scale but for the first time, the major landmarks delineating the Alex area are identified: Soldier Creek to the northeast, the Washita River to the north and Roaring Creek (known in earlier times as Hell Roaring Creek) to the southeast. Few settlements or towns were included on this map and the approximate location of Alex is shown by the red box. The large version of this map shows the track of the Chisholm Trail through the area.
Compiled from United States General Land Office records, this is the earliest known map of Indian Territory that actually shows Alex (denoted by a red box). Marlow is also shown, spelled "Marrow," as is Fred (a stage stop near Ninnekah) Erin Springs. Bradley and Lindsay are not included on this map.
This is the earliest known map of Indian Territory that actually shows Alex (denoted by a red box). Chickasha, Fred, Ninnekah (spelled incorrectly) and Rush Springs. Bradley and Lindsay are not included on the map but Erin Springs (south of Lindsay) is there.